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# 10th Class Chapter 2 Physics Short Questions

An important facility for 10th class students preparing for short questions physics 10th class chapter 2 of BISE. Get hundreds of questions to prepare and get better marks in 10th physics

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##### Question: 1
What is frequency.
1-21
The number of vibration s per cycle of a vibrating body n one second is called frequency.
##### Question: 2
Define loudness? On what factors loudness depends.
2-21
"Loudness is the characteristics of sound by which loud and faint sounds cab be distinguished". Loudness depends upon a number of factors. Such as.
i. Amplitude of the vibrating body
ii. Araa of the vibrating body
iii. Distance from the vibrating body
iv. Physical condition of ear.
##### Question: 3
Explain that noise is a nuisance?
3-21
Noise is a nuisance because it causes offence annoyance, trouble or injury.
##### Question: 4
What is speed
4-21
The distance covered in unit time is called speed.
##### Question: 5
Difference Between the loudness and intensity of sound.
5-21
Loudness: i. Characteristics of sound by which we can distinguish between loud and faint Sounds is called loudness.
ii. It is not physical quantity.
##### Question: 6
Define wavelength of sound wave.
6-21
Distance between two consecutive compressions or rarefactions is called the wavelengths of sound wave.
##### Question: 7
Difference between echo and reflection of sound?
7-21
the echo is formed through reflection but the reflection does not form echo. All sounds reflect back but it is not necessary that all reflections produce echo.
##### Question: 8
On what factors pitch depends.
8-21
It depends upon the frequency. A higher pitch menas higher frequcney and vice verse.
##### Question: 9
Why ultrasound is useful in medical field?
9-21
Ultrasonic waves carry more energy and short wavelength therefore ultrasonic waves are used to diagnose and treat different ailments.
##### Question: 10
What is diaphragm?
10-21
the chest piece consists of a plastic disc called diaphragm in stethoscope.
##### Question: 11
Why sound waves are called mechanical waves?
11-21
Sound waves are called mechanical waves because they require material medium for their propagation.
##### Question: 12
Difference between frequency and pitch.
12-21
Frequency: The number of vibration completed in one second is called frequency. Its unit is hertz.(Hz)
##### Question: 13
Why the voice of women is shriller than that of men?
13-21
The frequency of the voice of ladies is higher than that of men.There fore, the voice of ladies is shrill and of high pitch.
##### Question: 14
What is musical sound?
14-21
Sounds which are pleasant to our ears are called musical sounds. e.g. sounds of guitar and violin.
##### Question: 15
Define echo os sound.
15-21
When sound is incident on the surface of a medium it bounces back into the first medium, This phenomenon is called echo or reflection of sound.
##### Question: 16
Which instrument is used to see the sound waves?
16-21
By using an"Oscilloscope" we can see sound waves.
##### Question: 17
Define intensity and its unit.
17-21
Sound energy passing per second through a unit area held perpendicular to the direction of propagation of sound waves is called intensity of sound.
##### Question: 18
What are sources of noise pollution?
18-21
Transportation equipment, heavy machinery, loud vehicles horns and alarms are the source of noise pollution.
##### Question: 19
What is SONAR?
19-21
SONAR is "sound navigation and ranging". It is a technique used to estimate the distance of object from the ocean surface.
##### Question: 20
What is audible frequency range?
20-21
The range of the frequencies which a human ear can hear is called the audible frequency range.
##### Question: 21
Difference between Quality and pitch.
21-21
the property of sound by which we can distinguish between two sounds of same loudness and pitch is called quality.