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An important facility for 10th class students preparing for short questions physics 10th class chapter 9 of BISE. Get hundreds of questions to prepare and get better marks in 10th physics
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Question: 1
Define atomic number
Answer: 1
Atomic number: The atomic number is equal to the number of protons in the nucleus. It is represented by Z.
Question: 2
Difference between atomic number and atomic mass.
Answer: 2
Atomic number: 1. Atomic number os the number of neutrons present in nucleus.
2. It is represented by Z.
Question: 3
Define protium.
Answer: 3
Protium contains one proton in the nucleus and one electron that resolved around the nucleus.
Question: 4
What is an isotope?
Answer: 4
Isotopes are atoms of an element which has same number of protons but different number of neutrons in their nuclei.
Question: 5
What is daughter nucleus.
Answer: 5
Daughter nucleus will be an isotope of helium.
Question: 6
Define blindness.
Answer: 6
Radiations are also source of blindness.
Question: 7
What is genetic mutation.
Answer: 7
Radiation cause genetic mutation in both human and plants. some children are born with serious deformities due to genetic mutation.
Question: 8
Define Atomic mass.
Answer: 8
It is equal to the number of nucleons in the nucleus.
Question: 9
Define Deuterium.
Answer: 9
Deuterium contains one proton, one neutron and one electrons.
Question: 10
What is Natural radioactivity.
Answer: 10
In natural radioactivity a naturally unstable element spontaneously emit radiation to be stable.
Question: 11
What is Leukemia:
Answer: 11
radiation also cause the cancer of blood cells.
Question: 12
Give some safety measures to become safe from radiations.
Answer: 12
1. The sources should only be handled with tongs and forceps.
ii. All radioactive sources should be stored in thick lead containers.
iii. Never point a radioactive source towards a person.
Question: 13
Define Tritium.
Answer: 13
Tritium contains one proton, two neutrons and one electron.
Question: 14
What do you mean by stable nucleus.
Answer: 14
The nucleus which don't emit radiations naturally are called stable nucleus.
Question: 15
What is Beta particles.
Answer: 15
Beta radiation strongly interact with matter due to its charge and has a short range of penetrating as compared to gamma radiation.
Question: 16
How half life can be calculated?
Answer: 16
Half life can be calculated by following formula.
Remaining atoms = original atoms x 1/2t
Question: 17
Define alpha particle.
Answer: 17
Alpha particle has high mass due to this, its penetrating power is very short. It has large interacting and ionizing power. It is also the reason of its less penetrating power.
Question: 18
Write types of radiation .
Answer: 18
a. Alpha particles b. Beta particles c. Gamma particles.
Question: 19
Define Natural radioactivity.
Answer: 19
The spontaneous emission of radiation by unstable unclei is called natural radioactivity.
Question: 20
What is Gamma radiations.
Answer: 20
the gamma rays can penetrate to a considerable thickness of concrete. It is due to their large speed and neutral nature.
Question: 21
what do you mean by unstable nucleus.
Answer: 21
the nucleus which emit radiations, all the time, and hence continuously change from one type of element to another are called unstable nucleus.
Question: 22
What is radioactive elements.
Answer: 22
the elements which emit radiations are called radioactive elements.
Question: 23
Define cosmic radiation?
Answer: 23
The earth and all living thing on it receive radiation from outer space. This radiation is called comic radiations.
Question: 24
What is nature of cosmic rays.
Answer: 24
i. Proton ii. Electron iii. Alpha particles iv. Some larger nuclei
Question: 25
What do you mean by radioisotopes?
Answer: 25
Radioistope.the stable and non radioactive elements can also be changed into radioactive element by bombarding them with protons, neutrons or alpha particles, Such artificially produced radioactive element are called radioactive isotopes . or radio isotope